Cemetery Sunday: Holden Cemetery, Rabun Co., GA

Late autumn is undoubtedly the best time to visit out of the way cemeteries here, when the days are still warm(ish), the critters have (mostly) taken to their winter beds, and poison ivy is easy to spot due to its bright red leaves.

Our trip this time was to the Holden Cemetery, located near the Pine Mountain community of Rabun County, Georgia, close to the North Carolina and South Carolina state lines. The cemetery isn’t difficult to get to, really, but it’s a long way out. It took over an hour to get there from Clayton, a trip of less than 20 miles.

I must admit that I hadn’t expected such a large cemetery out in the middle of nowhere, but the size isn’t surprising considering the cemetery’s age and location. Pine Mountain is a fairly isolated community, in spite of being at the midpoint of the three towns of Clayton, GA, Highlands, NC, and Mountain Rest, SC. In the late 19th century, Pine Mountain was a thriving community with a post office, a school, and several stores.1 Today, little remains of that community other than a few houses, some smaller family burial grounds, and a sign at the juncture of Warwoman Road and Hwy. 28. Community activities have moved slightly north to Satolah.

Only about half of the grave markers bore inscriptions. Because of the number of markers, I’ll only show a few of the more interesting features of the cemetery in this post. I will do my best to post the others in the future.

Perhaps the most intriguing items were the two walled in sections, located at the top of the knoll adjacent to one another.

This is the walled-in section on the left, if viewed from the cemetery’s entrance. This picture was taken from the back looking toward the entrance. Notice the three large stones embedded into the wall. All three had very clear inscriptions.

H. H.
H. H.
DI 18 WR 1854

R. H.
DE FEB 7 D. 1859

F. H.

These three individuals were probably all members of the Holden family.

The other walled-in section had a similar stone embedded in the wall, but the inscription was too faded to make out.

There were many Holdens buried in this cemetery. The Bynums also had a fairly large section toward the back along the ridge behind the two walled-in sections.

The back of the cemetery behind the walled-in sections. The Bynum section is on the left and toward the rear in this photo.

The Bynum family member who most interested me was buried at the front of the cemetery, well away from the other Bynums.

Son of
W. M. & M. T.
Born Aug. 13, 1881
Died Aug. 4, 1899
Brother thou art gone to rest
We will not weep for thee:
For thou art now where oft
on earth, Thy spirit longed
to be

Waller Bynum died an accidental and somewhat tragic death, an account of which was published in the local paper.2

The Sad Death of Waller Bynum.

On last Friday, about 4 o’clock, near Pine Mountain, Waller Bynum, aged 18 years, was killed while being dragged nearly two miles by a mule.

Young Bynum, divested of nearly every [piece] of clothing by the long distance he was dragged over rocks and the hard road, was found hanging by his left foot to an iron stirrup, dead. The young man was going to school to Miss Thornton, who has charge of the school at Mount Pleasant, about two miles from the home of the Bynum family. On the morning of the fatal accident he took two mules from home for the purpose of going to the Glade school house where his sister, Miss Genelia, has been teaching. After school he [started] for his sister riding one mule and leading the other and when about a mile from the Mt. Pleasant school in some way the saddle became turned on one of the mules—this is presumed from the fact at this point the print of his head was seen in the sand along the road for 30 or 40 years and then for some little distance no sign was seen. This shows that he was making an effort to regain his position on the mule, but the remaining distance showed that his body was constantly on the ground for nearly the distance of two miles. From all signs the mule was going with all the speed that was in his power. Not far from the place where he had had a scuffle with the mules his hat was found and along the entire distance blood and small pieces of his clothing were found in the road and the print of the body and blood along presents a sad scene.

His collar bone was broken and the skin and flesh was torn from the back of his head to the skull, and otherwise bruised and flesh torn.

The peculiar circumstance under which young Bynum lost his life make it a very sad one.

The interment took place at Long Bottom cemetery at 4 o’clock Saturday, in the presence of a grief stricken family and a sorrowing community.

The family have the sympathy of the entire county.

Lois Thornton, a teacher at the Mt. Pleasant school, wrote a memorial piece that was also published in The Tribune.3

One interesting tidbit taken from the account of Waller’s death is the name of the cemetery, which the author of that piece called Long Bottom cemetery.

Other families were buried in this cemetery, although not in the same number as the Holden and Bynum families. There were also markers for Fowlers, Littletons, Jollays, Binghams, Evans, and Rogers. A final stone I’d like to share is located near the Fowler burials, close to the back section of Bynums. It was laid flat in the ground, and the only inscription is the year 1859.

To get to the cemetery from Clayton, turn off of Hwy. 441 at the BP gas station onto Warwoman Road. Go about 11.4 miles. Turn right onto Willis Knob Road. Go about 5.9 miles. The road dead ends into a fork. Take the right fork and go about .9 miles. This road dead ends in the cemetery.

Warwoman Road is paved and usually navigable, although it may be icy in the winter months, especially January and February. Be watchful for fallen trees. Willis Knob Road is a gravel road that’s often used by locals as a horse riding trail. There’s also a horse camp out that way somewhere. The worst section of the road is the last mile to the cemetery, which is narrow and a little overgrown with low-hanging branches. A regular car should be able to navigate the road to this point, but after that I would recommend either walking in or bringing a tougher vehicle, such as a high-clearance, four-wheel drive. There’s no cell service that far out, so pack emergency supplies, including a good pair of walking shoes, food and water, and a couple of blankets, in case you get stuck.

When you’re driving out Willis Knob Road, keep an eye out for a sign that reads “Willis Knob to No 46.” Somewhere in this section is the foundation of the old Mount Carmel Church. The church’s cemetery is adjacent to the road on the right, not far from the sign, but no stones remain.

There is a homestead located (I believe) on the South Carolina side of the Chattooga River, just over the hill or so from the Holden Cemetery.4 We hiked out a few years ago and took pictures, which have mysteriously disappeared into the ether of one of our computers. That homestead supposedly belonged to the Holden family. From what I remember of it, all that remains is the chimney and foundation stones. If we hike out that way again, I’ll try to get pictures to share.

Have fun visiting the cemetery, and happy hunting.

* * * * *

1. Pine Mountain had a fairly regular correspondent to The Clayton Tribune in 1899. Other news was reported in the local papers as well.

2. The Clayton Tribune, Volume 2, Number 29, Thursday, August 10, 1899. As taken from page 175 of Rabun County, Georgia, Newspapers, 1894 – 1899.

3. The Clayton Tribune, Volume 2, Number 31, Thursday, August 24, 1899.

4. I wouldn’t in any way recommend trying to find the homestead from this cemetery. You’ll get lost and then I’ll feel responsible, so just don’t try it. To get to the homestead, continue out Warwoman Road until it dead ends at Hwy. 28. Go right toward South Carolina. The state line is marked by the Chattooga River. There are parking areas on both sides of the bridge on the left, if memory serves. The trail to the homestead is on the right, just past the bridge (again, if memory serves). From there, you have to know how to get to the homestead to actually get to the homestead, so I can’t recommend trying to find it without help. I’ll try to post better directions if we hike out that way again anytime soon.

11 Comments to “Cemetery Sunday: Holden Cemetery, Rabun Co., GA”

  1. William and Martha Holden, buried there, are my great, great grandparents. My grandmother, Laura Holden Haynes, grew up closer to Dillard. My wife and I tried to get out there in our car 3 or 4 years ago and thought we would never get out, as our car “bottomed-out” in some deep ruts. Correct, the cell phone did not work. We never made it to the cemetary and every few months I get the itch to go there. We almost tried to cross the river when it was low but came to our senses. If you look on Google Earth, I believe you can see a difference in the tree color where the old homestead was. It is just below the cemetary and right on the river. The cemetary was examined several years ago and I have the names and dates on the headstones that she was able to read. As I live only two hours from there, I guarantee that I will eventually get to the cemetary, homestead, and maybe to the top of Holden Mountain.

  2. Richard Jackson Holden and his wife Nancy Billingsley Holden are my GGGrandparents. Thier son Elias Norton Holden and wife Casada James Holden are my GGrandparents. They are all buried in the Holden Cemetery along with a few Uncles and Aunts. The second Sat. of every November, a group of Holden Cousins go down to clean the cemetery. We have been going for about 5 years. Last year the GGGrandson and GGGranddaughter of Juan and Mary Fowler also joined us. We would welcome anyone who would like to help, especially new cousins. If interested I can be contacted at wfdarnell@windstream.net

  3. Hello! Very interesting about this Holden Cemetery! I am from the Holden line and looking for a specific two graves, which are not in this cemetery. Richard Holden, b. 13 Aug 1777, Orange, North Carolina; d. 6 Aug 1842, Habersham, GA; and, his wife, Sarah Barnes, 1779-1842. I’ve just learned there is another small cemetery in the near vaccinity of the Holden Cemetery, do you know of it? I’m not sure which side of the river it is on. I’d like to learn more about the Holden homestead mentioned in the article above, can you direct me to where I can learn more? Thank you in advance! Twila Campion/Holden Bizzoco

  4. My great grandparents were Luke and Hattie (maybe nickname for Harriett) Milton Fowler. I do believe Juan Fowler was Luke’s brother. Luke’s mother was Susan Nancy Fowler (I do not know her maiden name). My grandmother was Hazel Lucille Fowler Crider (Luke and Hattie’s youngest daughter). I have had some pretty good luck in tracing Luke’s lineage, but I am at a complete stand still with Hattie. I know her maiden name was Milton. I visited Rabun County with my grandmother when I was in High School. She was from Calhoun Falls SC but told me many stories of visiting her grandparents in Rabun County. She said that Hattie’s parents were killed in some sort of accident when Hattie was a child and families in the community took in the children (Hattie and her siblings) but none of them went to the same household. I do not know how many siblings there were or who any of them went to. I would love to find out who Hattie’s biological parents and “adoptive” parents were (I don’t think there was an official adoption done). Hattie and Luke had two daughters that died as infants. Lucy and Arizona. My grandmother was able to take me to the family cemetery where Lucy and Arizona were buried but now I couldn’t begin to tell you where it was. I know it was a family cemetery on the old “homeplace”. You could still read the names then but this was in the mid 90’s. My grandmother said that the house that was there when she was a young girl had burned at some point. If anyone knows any information about this line of Fowlers or any info on Hattie I would love to know. Hopefully at some point I can make it up for the cemetery cleanup. I would love to meet cousins I didn’t know I have.

    • I am juans great granddaughter call me XXXXXXXXX

      [Phone number redacted for privacy and safety purposes; please exchange email addresses. ~~Dawn]

  5. My GGGrandparents were Richard Jackson Holden and Nancy Ann Billingsley. My GGrandmother was their daughter, Rodilla Allifair, who married James L. Teal. Based on what I found in this blog, I did a scouting expedition in Pine Mt. and found the gravel road to the cemetery, but turned around at the pull-over where the horse trail begins rather than chancing getting stuck. I would love to join the November clean-up if it is still being done.

  6. William Holden married Martha Langston (sp?) in Pickens SO SC

  7. How happy I am that I stumbled on to this site. I am a descendant of Richard and Sarah (Barnes) Holden’s son George Washington Holden and his wife Malissa Disharoon (sadly her headstone says “Dishroom”). With the information on this page, I could see where George grew up and then see how far it was to Habersham Co, where he met and married Malissa. On google maps I found Holden Cemetery and Holden Mountain, but I am unclear which portion of the land across the river was where the homestead once was. If anyone could help with that, I would appreciate it. George and Malissa moved quite a bit, but eventually settled in Llano County, Texas. A log cabin they owned and lived in until 1875 was found when the house built around it was being demolished. The cabin was moved to a new location, and it has been preserved in the town of Llano.

  8. There is an old homestead on the Bartram trail that has a standing chimney and parts of a hay baler and rake. Is this the homestead? It is located very close in elevation to the river on the Georgia side.
    There are remnants of terraced farm plots and barbed wire to keep the critters out .
    Another homestead is off of Ears Ford road that has evidence of occupation with model T autos. It is about 4 miles from the other homestead and has a grove of large bamboo, decaying chimney and a location of a root cellar. I would like to know of these histories.
    Charles Duke

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